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Novembr 2017
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ENROLLMENT 2018
by Julie Rovner and Julie Appleby
Kaiser Health News

5 Things To Know About ACA At Year 5

Preview 2018 Prices and Plans Now

Open enrollment for people who buy their own health insurance starts November 1, and ends Dec. 15 this year. That’s 45 days, six weeks shorter than last year ” and only one of the big changes consumers need to consider. The Trump administration has cut back on marketing and funding for navigators to help people through the process.

Here are five important factors to keep in mind if you plan to sign up for 2018 coverage under the Affordable Care Act.

1. The health law has NOT been repealed.

Despite the efforts of President Donald Trump and the Republican-led Congress, the Affordable Care Act is still the law of the land. That means if you don’t get insurance through your job or a government program, you will still be able to get coverage for a set of comprehensive benefits regardless of whether you have preexisting conditions. It also means that if you meet income eligibility requirements, you will be able to get help from the federal government to afford your premiums, and, possibly, deductibles and other outofpocket costs.

Those “costsharing reduction” subsidies help hold down outofpocket costs for people with incomes under 250 percent of poverty (a little more than $30,000 a year for an individual). They will be available despite Trump’s decision to stop the federal government from reimbursing insurers for the required discounts. Most insurers are making up the difference by raising premiums.

Meanwhile, if you get premium assistance in the form of tax credits, what you pay for coverage is not likely to be much higher, either. That’s because as premiums go up, so do federal premium subsidies.

2. The requirement for most people to have insurance ” and most employers to offer it ” is also still in effect.

Under the law, most households that earn enough to owe federal income tax are required either to have health insurance or pay a fine due with their taxes. The fine for not having insurance in 2017 (and 2018) is the greater of $695 or 2.5 percent of the taxpayer’s income. You can claim an exemption from the fine if you demonstrate that you cannot afford insurance offered in your area.

The IRS has said it will start rejecting returns filed in 2018 that do not indicate whether the taxpayer had health insurance.

Larger employers (those with 50 or more full-time workers) are also mostly required to offer coverage to their workers or pay a penalty. That coverage must be comprehensive and affordable.

3. Like your mama said, you better shop around.

While it’s always been important to compare options, this year it’s more crucial than ever.

For starters, you want to shop and pick a plan yourself so that the marketplace doesn’t automatically enroll you for 2018 coverage. That’s because the autorenewal date this year is expected to be Dec. 16, the day after the openenrollment period ends. So, if you are assigned a plan you don’t like, you won’t be able to change it until the 2019 open-enrollment season.

4. Cost will be a factor.

This year, premiums are going up, in some areas by double digits, due in part to the Trump administration’s mid-October decision to cut off costsharing subsidies to insurers. But the premium increases may not affect all plans and “metal levels” ” which is why you should compare prices.

Some states, for example, instructed insurers to load those additional costs only onto the “silver-level” plans, which are midlevel plans that cover about 70 percent of an average person’s medical costs. The policyholder picks up the rest of the cost in deductibles and copayments. As a result of the state’s pricing decisions, though, “goldlevel” plans, which cover an average of 80 percent of costs, might in some cases have lower premiums than silver plans.

Of course, if you get a costsharing reduction ” meaning lower copayments and deductibles ” because your individual income is below $30,150, you will need to stay in a silver plan.

5. Buyers should also beware.

Outside of the official marketplaces there may be more insurers selling lower-cost, “shortterm policies.”

Sabrina Corlette, who studies the marketplace for Georgetown University’s Health Policy Institute, said that such plans, while less expensive, may not cover all benefits and might exclude coverage of preexisting conditions. Those plans also don’t meet ACA requirements for “minimum essential coverage,” so policyholders would still be liable for paying a tax penalty. “